Hubungan Kesehatan Jiwa dan Aktivitas Fisik terhadap Kesehatan Gigi dan Mulut (Analisis Lanjut Riskesdas 2013)

relationships between Mental Health and Physical Activities with Dental ang Oral Health (Further Analysis of Basic Health Research 2013)

  • Indirawati Tjahja
  • Olwin Nainggolan
Keywords: mental health, physical activity, oral and dental health

Abstract

Abstract

Mental health is the state of the individual to understand the abilities he has. Mental health is often associated with stress.Stress is a normal response to a variety of circumstances that must be faced in life .Stress causes a decrease in blood flow to the heart , increasing the need for oxygen and has a bad effect on the immune response , there by causing susceptible to infections , including dental on periodontal tissue. Sports health has a role in improving the quality of life by moving dynamically. Objective: to determine whether mental health affects dental-oral health (dental periodontal tissue) in Indonesia. In addition, to find out whether exercise health has an effect on dental-mouth health This study aims to determine the relationship between the stress experienced by the individual in oral and dental care in Indonesia. In addition, to find out whether exercise health has an effect on dental-mouth health. Method: The sample was all household members aged 15 years and over and numbered 722,329 people. The research design is cross sectional. Data was taken from Riskesdas secondary data in 2013 in 33 (thirty three) provinces and 497 districts / cities in Indonesia.  It was found that stress affects the individual teeth including periodontal tissue, with a p-value: 0.000. Likewise Sports health affects dental health = mouth, with a p value: 0,000. Conclusion: there is a significant relationship between mental health and the health of dental periodontal tissue, with a p value: 0,000. And there is a significant relationship between health exercise and the health of dental periodontal tissue. Suggestion : The need to maintain dental and oral health for respondents who experience mental health disorders. by controlling the dentist at least once every 3-6 months, this is needed, if it is found in the respondent who has a disorder TFO (Trauma From Oclusiin) can be treated immediately. So that there is no disruption in the health of the dental periodontal tissue. In addition, sports are needed, at least 30 minutes, a minimum of 3-5 days / per week keywords : mental health, sports health health of dental periodontal tissue 

Kesehatan jiwa adalah keadaan individu dalam memahami kemampuan yang dimilikinya. Kesehatan jiwa sering dikaitkan dengan stres. Stres merupakan respon normal terhadap berbagai keadaan yang harus dihadapi dalam hidup. Stres menyebabkan penurunan aliran darah ke jantung, meningkatkan  kebutuhan oksigen dan memiliki efek buruk terhadap reaksi imun,yangmenyebabkan rentan terhadap infeksi pada gigi,akibatnya kesehatan gigi dan mulut terganggu.Aktivitas fisik memiliki peran dalam meningktkan kualitas hidup dengan cara bergerak secara dinamis. Tujuan :untuk mengetahui apakah kesehatan jiwa berpengaruh terhadap kesehatan gigi dan mulut.Selain itu untuk mengetahui apakah aktivitas fisik berpengaruh terhadap kesehatan gigi dan mulut. Metode :Sampel adalah seluruh anggota rumah tangga yang berusia 15 tahun keatas berjumlah 722.329 orang. Disain penelitian adalah potong lintang. Data diambil dari data Riskesdas tahun 2013 di 33 (tiga puluh tiga) propinsi dan 497 kabupaten/kota di Indonesia. Hasil :kesehatan jiwa berpengaruh terhadap kesehatan gigi dan mulut. Demikian juga aktivitas fisik berpengaruh terhadap kesehatan gigi dan mulut, dengan nilai p:0,000. Kesimpulan : terdapat pengaruh yang bermakna antara kesehatan jiwa dengan kesehatangigi dan mulut, dengan nilai p :0,000.Dan terdapat pengaruh yang bermakna antara aktivitas fisik dengan kesehatan gigi. dan mulut. Saran: Perlunya pemeliharaan kesehatan gigi dan mulut bagi individu yang mengalami gangguan kesehatan jiwa,dengan melakukan kontrol ke dokter gigi minimal 3-6 bulan sekali, Perlunya pemeliharaan kesehatan gigi dan mulut dengan melakukan kontrol ke dokter gigi minimal 3-6 bulan sekali.Selain itu, perlu melakukan aktivitas fisikminimal 30 menit, perhari dilakukan3-5 hari/ per minggu.

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Published
2019-08-12
How to Cite
1.
Tjahja I, Nainggolan O. Hubungan Kesehatan Jiwa dan Aktivitas Fisik terhadap Kesehatan Gigi dan Mulut (Analisis Lanjut Riskesdas 2013). bpk [Internet]. 12Aug.2019 [cited 13Dec.2019];47(2):135-42. Available from: http://ejournal2.litbang.kemkes.go.id/index.php/bpk/article/view/1763
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