Distribusi Jenis Tikus yang Terkonfirmasi sebagai Reservoir Hantavirusdi Provinsi Sumatera Selatan

  • Santoso Santoso
  • Milana Salim Loka Litbang P2B2 Baturaja
  • Nungki Hapsari Suryaningtyas Loka Litbang P2B2 Baturaja
Keywords: hantavirus

Abstract

Abstract

Hantavirus infection has been reported in many countries, including in Indonesia with estimated cases in the world of 150,000-200,000 cases and CFR between 5-15%. Reports of hantavirus in humans in Indonesia have not been widely reported. Results specialized vectora research in 2015 found hantavirus infection in mice. Hantavirus examination was performed by two methods, ELISA and PCR. ELISA results obtained 8.9% (28/316) of mice infected with hantavirus, and PCR examination of 65.5% (19/29). Further analysis of the results of this rikhus vektora aims to determine the distribution of mice infected with hantavirus. The result of bivariate analysis did not show any statistically significant relationship between dependent and independent variables. The most heavily infected mice of hantavirus are adult male Rattus and male sex. The most common type of ecosystem found in hantavirus positive rats is remote forest settlements (11.5%) with the most common type found in paddy fields (25%).

 

Abstrak

Infeksi hantavirus telah dilaporkan di banyak Negara, termasuk di Indonesia dengan perkiraan kasus di dunia sebesar 150.000-200.000 kasus dan CFR antara 5 - 15%. Laporan hantavirus pada manusia di Indonesia belum banyak dilaporkan. Hasil Riset khusus vektora tahun 2015 menemukan infeksi hantavirus pada tikus. Pemeriksaan hantavirus dilakukan dengan dua metode yaitu ELISA dan PCR. Hasil pemeriksaan ELISA mendapatkan 8,9% (28/316) tikus terinfeksi hantavirus, dan pemeriksaan PCR sebesar 65,5% (19/29). Analisis lanjut hasil Rikhus vektora ini berujuan untuk mengetahui distribusi tikus yang terinfeksi hantavirus. Hasil analisis bivariat tidak menunjukkan adanya hubungan yang bermakna secara statistik antara variabel dependen dan independent. Jenis tikus yang paling banyak terinfeksi hantavirus adalah Rattus usia dewasa dan jenis kelamin jantan. Tipe ekosistem paling banyak ditemukan tikus positif hantavirus adalah hutan jauh pemukiman (11,5%) dengan jenis lokasi paling banyak ditemukan di sawah (25%). 

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Published
2018-12-06
How to Cite
1.
Santoso S, Salim M, Suryaningtyas N. Distribusi Jenis Tikus yang Terkonfirmasi sebagai Reservoir Hantavirusdi Provinsi Sumatera Selatan. bpk [Internet]. 6Dec.2018 [cited 26Sep.2020];46(3):191-8. Available from: http://ejournal2.litbang.kemkes.go.id/index.php/bpk/article/view/6
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