BLASTOCYSTIS HOMINIS: PROTOZOA USUS POTENSIAL PENYEBAB DIARE

  • Nova Pramestuti
  • Dewi Saroh
Keywords: B. hominis, prevalensi, protozoa usus, kebersihan, faktor risiko

Abstract

Blastocystis hominis merupakan protozoa usus yang sering menyebabkan diare dan manifestasi gastrointestinal seperti nyeri perut, muntah, dan perut kembung. Penularan melalui makanan dan air yang terkontaminasi oleh kista dengan rute oral-fekal. Manifestasi klinis baru timbul ketika sistem imun dalam tubuh menurun. Prevalensi Blastocystis lebih tinggi pada negara berkembang terkait dengan personal higiene yang kurang, paparan dari binatang, dan konsumsi air minum yang terkontaminasi parasit. Infeksi dapat terjadi secara tunggal atau bersamaan dengan infeksi parasit lain, dan menyertai pada orang yang terkena HIV ketika imunitas menurun. Penularan B. hominis dari manusia ke manusia lain dapat dicegah dengan menjaga kebersihan perorangan, kebersihan fasilitas umum, mencegah kontaminasi feses dalam makanan dan air, mengupas dan mencuci buah dan sayuran mentah.

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Published
2017-07-28
How to Cite
1.
Pramestuti N, Saroh D. BLASTOCYSTIS HOMINIS: PROTOZOA USUS POTENSIAL PENYEBAB DIARE. sel [Internet]. 28Jul.2017 [cited 3Jul.2020];4(1):1-2. Available from: http://ejournal2.litbang.kemkes.go.id/index.php/sel/article/view/1409

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