Analisis Indikator Entomologi dan Sebaran Jentik Aedes aegypti pada Daerah Stratifi kasi Endemisitas Demam Berdarah Dengue di Kota Jayapura

Analysis of Entomology Indicator and distribution of Aedes aegypti vector based on stratifi ed Endemicity Areas of Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) in Jayapura City

  • Risda Hartati Poltekkes Jayapura
  • Tri Baskoro T. Satoto Universitas Gadjah Mada (UGM) Yogyakarta
  • Elsa Herdiana Murhandarwati Universitas Gadjah Mada (UGM) Yogyakarta
  • Mutiara Widawati Loka Litbang Kesehatan Pangandaran
Keywords: vector, DHF, entomological indicators, Maya Index, stratifi ed area

Abstract

The incidence rate (IR) of Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever in Papua Province in 2017 was
8.04 per 100,000 population, with a case fatality rate (CFR) of 1.12%. In 2016, the Health Offi ce of
Jayapura City declared six urban villages as high endemic areas, four urban villages as high sporadic
areas, and ten villages as DHF-free areas from a total of 39 urban villages in Jayapura. This study
aims to analyze larval by House index [HI], Container index [CI], Breateu index (BI), and Maya index
[MI] as well as the distribution of vector Ae. aegypti in endemic, sporadic and DHF-free areas in
Jayapura City. The design of this study was a cross-sectional study. This research was conducted from
January to March 2019. Subjects (375 houses) were surveyed according to WHO guidelines based
on its endemicity stratifi cation. Observations of mosquitos’ larvae were done using visual and single
larvae methods. The result of this research showed that endemic areas had their HI, CI and BI as much
as 43.3%, 16.5%, and 90.0%, respectively, with density fi gure is six. Sporadic areas had their HI,
CI and BI as much as 35.4%, 10.9%, and 57.5%, respectively, with density fi gure is fi ve. DHF-free
areas had their HI, CI, and BI as much as 14.8%, 5.7%, and 35.2%, respectively, with density fi gure
is fi ve. The Maya index for endemic and sporadic areas was categorized as moderate, while DHF-free
areas were low.

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Published
2021-12-28
How to Cite
1.
Hartati R, Satoto T, Murhandarwati E, Widawati M. Analisis Indikator Entomologi dan Sebaran Jentik Aedes aegypti pada Daerah Stratifi kasi Endemisitas Demam Berdarah Dengue di Kota Jayapura. ASP [Internet]. 28Dec.2021 [cited 21May2022];13(2):127-36. Available from: https://ejournal2.litbang.kemkes.go.id/index.php/aspirator/article/view/4441