Faktor Risiko Demam Berdarah di Negara Tropis

Risk Factors of Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever in Tropical Countries

  • Zata Ismah
  • Tri Bayu Purnama Universitas Islam Negeri Sumatera Utara Medan
  • Dyah Retno Wulandari Universitas Islam Negeri Sumatera Utara Medan
  • Ema Rizka Sazkiah Universitas Islam Negeri Sumatera Utara Medan
  • Yulia Khairina Ashar Universitas Islam Negeri Sumatera Utara Medan
Keywords: Risk Factor, DHF, Tropis, Systematic Review

Abstract

Tropical countries are the largest contributor to the incidence of Dengue Hemorrhagic
Fever (DHF), but research on risk factors is still independent in various countries, it cannot be
concluded holistically. Through the research design, a systematic review is able to summarize and
answer the causes of DHF in this tropical country. This research method is a systematic review with
guidelines following the 2009 PRISMA Checklist. In the initial search, 1,680 articles were found
using the keyword “risk factors for Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever”, reduced to 274 article titles after
adding the keyword “tropical country”. Furthermore, the relevant abstracts were fi ltered and found
37 selected article items. Through critical appraisal of the full text of the article, it was found that 17
articles met the selection criteria for further review in this study. The results showed that there were
5 major groups of risk factors that were widely studied, namely sociodemography, climatology, place
of dwelling, environment, and behavior. The sociodemographic factor associated with the incidence
of DHF in tropical countries is age. In terms of climatology, temperature and rainfall are important
factors in the vector breeding process. Rural areas (rural areas) are the place of dwelling with the most
cases of DHF found. The environmental aspect that has been widely studied is mosquito breeding. The
most signifi cant risk behavior factor in transmission was the behavior of hanging clothes. Of the 17
articles, it was found that 77.8% of the articles examined environmental variables.

References

Tropical countries are the largest contributor to the incidence of Dengue Hemorrhagic
Fever (DHF), but research on risk factors is still independent in various countries, it cannot be
concluded holistically. Through the research design, a systematic review is able to summarize and
answer the causes of DHF in this tropical country. This research method is a systematic review with
guidelines following the 2009 PRISMA Checklist. In the initial search, 1,680 articles were found
using the keyword “risk factors for Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever”, reduced to 274 article titles after
adding the keyword “tropical country”. Furthermore, the relevant abstracts were fi ltered and found
37 selected article items. Through critical appraisal of the full text of the article, it was found that 17
articles met the selection criteria for further review in this study. The results showed that there were
5 major groups of risk factors that were widely studied, namely sociodemography, climatology, place
of dwelling, environment, and behavior. The sociodemographic factor associated with the incidence
of DHF in tropical countries is age. In terms of climatology, temperature and rainfall are important
factors in the vector breeding process. Rural areas (rural areas) are the place of dwelling with the most
cases of DHF found. The environmental aspect that has been widely studied is mosquito breeding. The
most signifi cant risk behavior factor in transmission was the behavior of hanging clothes. Of the 17
articles, it was found that 77.8% of the articles examined environmental variables.
Published
2021-12-28
How to Cite
1.
Ismah Z, Purnama T, Wulandari D, Sazkiah E, Ashar Y. Faktor Risiko Demam Berdarah di Negara Tropis. ASP [Internet]. 28Dec.2021 [cited 21May2022];13(2):147-58. Available from: https://ejournal2.litbang.kemkes.go.id/index.php/aspirator/article/view/4629