Penggunaan Insektisida Rumah Tangga dan Kerentanan Aedes sp terhadap Permetrin di Kelurahan Sorosutan Kota Yogyakarta

The Use of Household Insecticides and Susceptibility of Aedes sp against Permethrin in Sorosutan Yogyakarta

  • Arlina Azka Universitas Sebelas Maret Surakarta
  • Fardhiasih Dwi Astuti Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat, Universitas Ahmad Dahlan, Yogyakarta
Keywords: Household Insecticides, Susceptibility, Permethrin

Abstract

Abstract. The use of household insecticides is an alternative solution to prevent mosquito bites.
Most of the household insecticides sold in Indonesia have pyrethroid active ingredients, permethrin,
which is available in the aerosol formulation. Inappropriate use of household insecticides can reduce
mosquito susceptibility. The objectives of this study are to describe the use of household insecticides
and susceptibility of Aedes sp. against permethrin in Sorosutan Yogyakarta. This study used a crosssectional
survey design. This study was conducted in December 2018–April 2019 in 354 households
in Sorosutan which were randomly selected based on proportional sampling. Interviews about the
household insecticides were conducted with the owner or resident of the house. The susceptibility
tests used impregnated paper with permethrin 0.75%. The survey results showed that 25.14% of
the houses use household insecticides. The insecticide used were aerosol, electric mosquito repellents,
and mosquito coils containing active ingredients of the pyrethroid group, namely dimefl uthrin,
transfl uthrin, prallethrin, cypermethrin, and metofl uthrin. The susceptibility test results showed a
decrease in mosquito susceptibility where the population of Aedes sp. in Sorosutan has been resistant
against permethrin. The continuous use of insecticides with pyrethroid active ingredients can develop
mosquito resistance against permethrin because all pyrethroids have the same mode of action. This
study concludes that only a small proportion (25,14%) of the households used insecticides with the
active ingredients used mainly in the pyrethroid group (dimefl uthrin, transfl uthrin, prallethrin,
cypermethrin, and metofl uthrin) and the population of Aedes sp. in Sorosutan has been resistant to
permethrin.

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Published
2021-12-28
How to Cite
1.
Azka A, Astuti F. Penggunaan Insektisida Rumah Tangga dan Kerentanan Aedes sp terhadap Permetrin di Kelurahan Sorosutan Kota Yogyakarta. ASP [Internet]. 28Dec.2021 [cited 21May2022];13(2):101-12. Available from: https://ejournal2.litbang.kemkes.go.id/index.php/aspirator/article/view/4798