Uji Daya Tolak Lilin Aromaterapi Minyak Atsiri Serai (Cymbopogon citratus) terhadap Nyamuk Aedes aegypti

  • Anizah Paramitha Dewi Mahasiswa Pendidikan Dokter, Fakultas KedokteranUniversitas Islam Indonesia, Jalan Kaliurang Km. 14,5, Ngemplak, Kabupaten Sleman, Yogyakarta 55584, Indonesia
  • Novyan Lusiyana Departemen Parasitologi, Fakultas Kedokteran, Universitas Islam Indonesia, Jalan Kaliurang Km. 14,5, Ngemplak, Kabupaten Sleman, Yogyakarta 55584, Indonesia
Keywords: essential oil, lemongrass, aromatherapy candle

Abstract

Aromatherapy candle is a safe, effective, and cost-effective repellent. It has a potential repellent effect particularly on mosquitoes. Lemongrass is a potential plant as a natural repellent for Aedes aegypti. The purpose of this study was to determine the repellency effect of lemongrass essential oils against Ae. aegypti. This study was an experimental study with a post-test only with control group design, which was divided into six groups (one negative control and five treatment groups 9%, 10%, 11%, 12%, and 13%) with four repeats. Each group consisted of 20 Ae. aegypti female mosquitoes, so the total number of mosquitoes used was 480. Tested mosquitos were exposed to aromatherapy candles for one hour, and their repellency observed every 15-minute intervals. The average of repellency effect of the negative control and 5 treatment groups at minute 60 were 7.5%; 0%; 33.33%; 66.67%; 66.67%; and 100% respectively. We conclude that the aromatherapy candle of lemongrass essential oil was effective as a 100% repellency effect against Ae. aegypti at a concentration of 13%.

References

1. Kementrian Kesehatan. Situasi penyakit demam berdarah di Indonesia tahun 2017. Jakarta: Kementrian Kesehatan RI; 2016.

2. World Health Organization. Dengue Bulletin. 2016. Available from: https://www. https://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/255696.

3. Rather IA, Parray HA, Lone JB, Paek WK, Lim J, Park Y. Prevention and control strategies to counter dengue virus infection. Front. Cell. Infect. Microbiol. 2017; 7:1–8.

4. Boesri H, Heriyanto B, Susanti L, Handayani SW. Uji repelen (daya tolak) beberapa ekstrak tumbuhan terhadap gigitan nyamuk Aedes aegypti vektor demam berdarah dengue. Vektora. 2015;7(2):79–85.

5. Rodriguez SD, Drake LL, Price DP, Hammond JI, Hansen IA. The efficacy of some commercially available insect repellents for Aedes aegypti ( Diptera : Culicidae ) and Aedes albopictus ( Diptera : Culicidae ). J. Insect Sci. 2018;15(140):6–10. doi:10.1093/jisesa/iev125.

6. Soonwera M, Phasomkusolsil S. Efficacy of Thai herbal essential oils as green repellent against mosquito vectors. Acta Trop. 2015:142:127–30. doi:10.1016/j.actatropica.2014.11.010.

7. Moore EL, Scott MA, Rodriguez SD, Mitra S, Vulcan J, Cordova JJ, et al. An online survey of personal mosquito-repellent strategies. PeerJ. 2018:6:e5151.

8. Diaz JH. Chemical and plant-based insect repellents: efficacy, safety, and toxicity. Wilderness Environ. Med. 2016:27(1):153–63. doi:10.1016/j.wem.2015.11.007.

9. WHO. Guidelines for efficacy testing of
mosquito repellents for human. 2009. Available from: https://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/70072.

10. Putri LAC, Nugraha, Yusuf AL. Uji Efektivitas minyak nilam (patchouli oil) sebagai lilin penolak nyamuk (repelan) Aedes aegypti L. J. Kesehat. 2016:3(1):75–81.

11. Yuliani S, Usmiati S, Nurdjannah N. Efektifitas lilin aromaterapi lalat (repelen) dengan bahan aktif limbah penyulingan minyak nilam. J. Pascapanen. 2005;2(1):1–10.

12. Patmasari Y, Herawati L, Windarso SE. Pengaruh konsentrasi minyak serai wangi (citronela oil) dalam lilin padat terhadap penurunan kepadatan lalat rumah (Musca domestica) di warung makan sepanjang Pantai Depok. Jurnal Riset Daerah. 2014;8(2):2039–47.

13. Muller G, Junnila A, Kravchenko V, Revay E. Ability of essential oil candles to repel biting insects in high and low biting pressure environments. J. Am. Mosq. Control Assoc. 2008;24(1):154–60. doi: 10.2987/8756-971X(2008)24.

14. Ojewumi ME, Banjo MG, Oresegun MO, Ogunbiyi TA, Ayoola AA, Awolu OO, et al. Analytical investigation of the extract of lemon grass leaves in repelling mosquito. Int. J. Pharm. Sci. Res. 2017;8(5):2048–55. doi: 10.13040/IJPSR.0975-8232.8(5).2048-55.

15. Kimutai A, Ngeiywa M, Mulaa M, Njagi PGN, Ingonga J, Nyamwamu LB, et al. Repellent effects of the essential oils of Cymbopogon citratus and Tagetes minuta on the sandfly, Phlebotomus duboscqi. BMC Res. Notes. 2017;10(98):1–9. doi:10.1186/s13104-017-2396-0.

16. Suprobowati OD. Aromatherapy candle made of lime leaves (Citrus hystrix) for mosquito repellent (Aedes aegypti). Int. J. Sci. Res. 2018;7(6):474-6. doi:10.21275/ART20183058.

17. Mulyani S, Mulyaningsih B, Lestari AW, Ana FM, Ana DSS. Lemongrass, cloves, orange leaves as insence combutible for Aedes aegypti repellant. Tradit. Med. J. 2013;18:195–200. https://doi.org/10.22146/tradmedj.8225.

18. Zhu JJ, Cermak AC, Kenar JA, Brewer G, Haynes KF, Boxler D, et al. Better than DEET repellent compounds derived from coconut oil. Sci Rep. 2018;8:14053. doi:10.1038/s41598-018-32373-7.

19. Aini R, Widiastuti R, Nadhifa NA. Uji Efektifitas formula spray dari minyak atsiri herba kemangi (Ocimum Sanctum L) sebagai repellent nyamuk Aedes aegypti. J. Ilm. Manuntung. 2016;2(2):189–97.

20. Sintorini MM. The correlation between temperature and humidity with the population density of Aedes aegypti as dengue fever’s vector. IOP Conf. Ser. Earth Environ. Sci. 2018;106:012033. doi:10.1088/1755-1315/106/1/012033.

21. Tyagi V, Islam J, Aghnihotri A, Goswani D, Rabha B, Talukdar PK, et al. Repellent efficacy of some essential oils against Aedes albopictus. J. Parasit. Dis. Diagnosis Ther. 2016;1(1):1–5.

22. Martin T, Barkman B, Chandre F, Deletre E, Menut C. Naturally occurring bioactive compounds from four repellent essential oils against Bemisia tabaci whiteflies. Pest Manag. Sci. 2015;72(1):79–189. doi: 10.1002/ps.3987.
Published
2020-06-30
How to Cite
1.
Dewi A, Lusiyana N. Uji Daya Tolak Lilin Aromaterapi Minyak Atsiri Serai (Cymbopogon citratus) terhadap Nyamuk Aedes aegypti. blb [Internet]. 30Jun.2020 [cited 26Sep.2020];16(1):21-8. Available from: https://ejournal2.litbang.kemkes.go.id/index.php/blb/article/view/2053
Section
Articles