Kualitas Pelayanan Pemeriksaan Antenatal oleh Bidan di Puskesmas

  • Harimat Hendarwan Center for Health Resources and Services, National Institute of Health Research and Development, Ministry of Health, Republic of Indonesia, Indonesia

Abstract

Abstract
The maternal mortality rate in Indonesia is still high and still far from the established target of SDG's, which is 305 compared to 102 maternal deaths per 100,000 live births. Adequate pregnancy screening services are needed to reduce maternal mortality. This study aims to determine the quality of antenatal care (ANC) services at public health centers (midwives competence and support facilities and service infrastructure). Data collection was conducted in 212 health centers and the sample size is 224 midwives in the health centers. Midwives were observed at the time of antenatal care. The observed ANC components were 5T, 7T, and 9T. In addition, it was observed also the availability of facilities, infrastructure, and medicines related to ANC in health centers. The midwives who performed the ANC correctly and well for the 9T, 7T, and 5T components were 18.8%, 23.2%, and 31.7%. Only 20.4% of health center have all equipment, medicines, and supporting media of ANC 9T service. Only one-fifth of midwives perform complete and correct ANC services for the 9T service components. Midwife knowledge in doing ANC 9T is better for those who have profession less than 20 years old and hold at least diploma degree midwifery.
Keywords : Antenatal Care, Midwives, Health Center

Abstrak
Angka kematian ibu di Indonesia masih tinggi dan masih jauh dari target SDG’s yang telah ditetapkan, yaitu 305 dibandingkan dengan 102 kematian ibu per 100.000 kelahiran hidup. Pelayanan pemeriksaan kehamilan yang adekuat sangat dibutuhkan untuk menurunkan angka kematian ibu. Penelitian ini bertujuan mengetahui kualitas pelayanan pemeriksaan kehamilan atau antenatal care (ANC) di puskesmas (kompetensi bidan serta dukungan sarana dan prasarana pelayanan). Pengumpulan data dilakukan di 212 puskesmas dengan jumlah sampel 224 orang bidan. Bidan diamati pada saat melakukan pelayanan ANC. Komponen ANC yang diamati adalah 5T, 7T, dan 9T. Selain itu diamati juga ketersediaan sarana, prasarana, dan obat-obatan terkait dengan ANC di puskesmas. Bidan yang melakukan ANC dengan benar dan baik untuk komponen 9T, 7T, dan 5T secara berturut – turut adalah 18,8%, 23,2%, dan 31,7%. Hanya 20,4% puskesmas telah memiliki seluruh peralatan, obat, dan media penunjang pelayanan ANC 9T. Hanya seperlima bidan melakukan pelayanan ANC secara lengkap dan benar untuk komponen pelayanan 9T. Pengetahuan bidan dalam melakukan ANC 9T lebih baik pada mereka yang menjalani profesinya kurang dari 20 tahun dan berpendidikan minimal D3 kebidanan.
Kata kunci : ANC, Bidan, Puskesmas

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Published
2018-10-25
How to Cite
1.
Hendarwan H. Kualitas Pelayanan Pemeriksaan Antenatal oleh Bidan di Puskesmas. bpk [Internet]. 25Oct.2018 [cited 14Aug.2020];46(2):97-08. Available from: https://ejournal2.litbang.kemkes.go.id/index.php/bpk/article/view/307
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Articles