Determinan Keluhan Sakit Gigi

  • Rofingatul Mubasyiroh

Abstract

Abstract
Oral disease can be decay (caries) and gum disease. Dental and oral diseases (including caries and periodontal disease) are a fairly high problem that people complain about. The aim of this research is to know the factors related to toothache. Analysis was conducted using Indonesian Family Life Survey (IFLS) 5 years 2014 data covering 13 provinces in Indonesia. The study sample is population aged 15 years and over. The dependent variable was a symptom of toothache perceived within the last one month of the IFLS-5 survey period. The independent variables consist of gender, age group, education level, residence, consumption of sweet foods, consumption of soft drinks, smoking behavior, dental check-up behavior to the dentist. The data were analyzed by univariate, bivariate and multivariate.The results showed significant different toothache complaints based on gender, age group, education, and dental check behavior. Logistic regression analysis showed that respondents who never checked to the dentist had a 1.40 times greater risk of experiencing dental pain than those who had regular dental checks.
Keywords : determinant, toothache, IFLS

Abstrak
Penyakit gigi dapat berupa kerusakan gigi (karies) dan penyakit gusi. Penyakit gigi dan mulut (termasuk karies dan penyakit periodontal) merupakan masalah yang cukup tinggi yang dikeluhkan oleh masyarakat. Penelitian bertujuan mengetahui faktor yang berhubungan dengan keluhan sakit gigi. Analisis lanjut dilakukan menggunakan data Indonesian Family Life Survey (IFLS) 5 tahun 2014 yang mencakup 13 provinsi di Indonesia. Responden penelitian adalah penduduk berusia 15 tahun ke atas. Variabel terikat adalah gejala sakit gigi yang dirasakan dalam satu bulan terakhir masa survei IFLS-5. Variabel bebas terdiri dari jenis kelamin, kelompok umur, tingkat pendidikan, tempat tinggal, konsumsi makanan manis, konsumsi soft drink, perilaku merokok, perilaku periksa gigi ke dokter gigi. Analisis data dilakukan secara univariat, bivariat dan multivariat. Hasil menunjukkan keluhan sakit gigi berbeda bermakna berdasarkan jenis kelamin, kelompok umur, pendidikan, dan perilaku periksa gigi. Analisis regresi logistik menunjukkan responden yang tidak pernah periksa gigi ke dokter gigi mempunyai risiko 1,40 kali lebih besar untuk mengalami keluhan sakit gigi dibandingkan dengan responden yang sudah rutin periksa gigi ke dokter gigi.
Kata kunci : determinan, sakit gigi, IFLS

References

Tampubolon, N.S. Dampak Karies Gigi dan Penyakit Priodontal Terhadap Kualitas Hidup. Medan: Universitas Sumatera Utara; 2005.

Larasati, Ratih. Kebersihan Mulut dengan Penyakit Sistemik dan Usia Harapan Hidup. Jurnal Skala Husada. 2012; 9(1): 97-104.

Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan. Riset Kesehatan Dasar (Riskesdas) 2013. Jakarta: Kementerian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia; 2013.

Kuhnen, Mirian. Et.al. Toothache and associated factors in Brazilian adults: acrosssectional population-based study. BMC Oral Health 2009, 9:7 doi:10.1186/1472-6831-9-7.

Lahti, Satu. Oral pain and associated factors among adolescents in northern Finland. International Journal of Circumpolar Health. 2008;67:2-3.

Kakoei, Shahla. Prevalence of Toothache and Associated Factors: A Population-Based Study in Southeast Iran. Iranian Endodontic Journal 2013;8(3):123-128.

Strauss, J., F. Witoelar, and B. Sikoki. The Fifth Wave of the Indonesia Family Life Survey (IFLS5): Overview and Field Report. March 2016.

Bastos, JL. Et.al. Toothache prevalence and associated factors: a population based study in southern Brazil. Oral Diseases (2008) 14, 320– 326. doi:10.1111/j.1601-0825.2007.01379.x. 2007.

Shahzad M, Moosa Y, Ahmad F, et al. Prevalence of Oral diseases-A Study Done on World Oral Health Day. Pakistan Oral & Dental Journal. 2015; 35. (3) : 483-484.

Garkoti PD, Rawat CMS, Singh RK, et al. Pattern od Detal Diseases among Patients attending outpatient Department of Dental: A Hospital N=Based Cross-Sectional Study. National Journal of Medical Research. 2015; 5(2) 112-115.

Ilyas M, Memon AB, Khatoon S, et al. Dental Caries among the Patients Visiting Out Patient Department of Liaquat Medical University Hospital, Hyderabad-Sindh. Pakistan Oral & Dental Journal. 2015;35(3): 472-475.

Galobardes, Bruna. Indicators of socioeconomic position (part 1). J Epidemiol Community Health 2006;60:7–12. doi: 10.1136/ jech.2004.023531; 2006.

Kusuma, Andina. Pengaruh Merokok Terhadap Kesehatan Gigi dan Rongga Mulut. Majalah Sultan Agung.

Tomar SL, Asma S. Smoking-attributable periodontitis in the United States: findings from NHANES III. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. J Periodontol 2000;71:743–751.

Petersen PE, Bourgeois D, Ogawa H, et al. The global burden of oral diseases and risks to oral health. Bull World Health Organ 2005;83:661– 669.

Souza, G. A. Association between routine visits for dental checkup and self-perceived oral health in an adult population in Rio de Janeiro: the Pró-Saúde Study. http://onlinelibrary.wiley. com/doi/10.1111/j.1600-0528.2006.00343.x/ full.

Published
2018-10-25
How to Cite
1.
Mubasyiroh R. Determinan Keluhan Sakit Gigi. bpk [Internet]. 25Oct.2018 [cited 8Jul.2020];46(2):141-6. Available from: https://ejournal2.litbang.kemkes.go.id/index.php/bpk/article/view/311
Section
Articles