UTILISASI KELAMBU BERINSEKTISIDA PADA DAERAH ENDEMISITAS TINGGI DI INDONESIA
ANALISIS DATA RISET KESEHATAN DASAR (RISKESDAS) 2018
Malaria is still a global public health problem, especially in the tropical countries including Indonesia. The use of insecticide-treated bed nets (ITN) is an effective way to reduce the prevalence of malaria. However, the proportion of households that use ITN in low to high edemicity areas in Indonesia is still low (15.8%). The study design is cross-sectional using data of the Basic Health Research (Riskesdas) 2018. The population is residents in 28 high endemicity categories’ districts/cities with a total sample of 33,001 people. The dependent variable was the respondent's report on the habit of using ITN <3 years, while the independent variable is sociodemographic factors (relationship with household head, agegroup, education level, occupations, and residential/ urban or rural areas) and the other ways to prevent mosquito bites. Data were analyzed using logistic regression test. The analysis showed that there was a sociodemographic effect, and The other ways to prevent mosquito bites against the use of insecticide-treated bed nets, but the relationship was largely protective. So that, efforts are needed to increase initiatives and open education channels in the knowledge of the population about the importance of utilizing insecticide-treated bed nets, especially for residents with young men adults and urban residents.
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