Pengaruh Hipertensi Terhadap Kejadian Penyakit Jaringan Periodontal (Periodontitis) pada Masyarakat Indonesia (Data Riskesdas 2018)

  • Made Ayu Lely Suratri Puslitbang Sumber Daya dan Pelayanan Kesehatan, Indonesia
Keywords: Keywards: relationship,  periodontitis, hipertensi, community

Abstract

Periodontitis is a disease of periodontal tissue that has affected the supporting tissues of teeth due to plaque accumulation. The prevalence of periodontitis in people aged ≥ 15 years according to the data Riskesdas 2018 is 67.8%, this means that of ten Indonesians as many as 7 people who suffer from periodontitis. The prevalence of hypertension in the world continues to increase, and is a risk factor for various diseases including cardiovascular disease (CVD), stroke, peripheral vascular disease, and kidney failure. The results of the Riskesdas 2018 showed an increase in hypertension prevalence from 25.8% in 2013 to 34.1% in 2018. Reported periodontal disease can cause an increased risk of non-communicable diseases including hypertension. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of hypertension on the incidence of periodontal tissue disease (periodontitis) in Indonesian community. The research method is a further analysis of the data Riskesdas 2018 with cross sectional design and non-intervention. The research sample is all household members in selected households. The sample analyzed was household members aged 15 years and over who did the right habit of brushing their teeth. The dental and oral health data collection was carried out through interviews and examinations on the periodontal tissue status, while for hypertension by blood pressure measurement. Further analysis of this data was carried out univariate, bivariate and multivariate. The results showed that respondents in the 26-45 years age group had a significant relationship with periodontitis, with a p-value<0.05(p=0.046). There was no significant relationship between hypertension and periodontal tissue disease (periodontitis), with a p-value> 0.005 (p = 0.926). Conclusion, that periodontal disease is mostly found at a young age, it is known that more women than men, more respondents who work and who live in urban areas. There is no significant relationship between periodontal disease and hypertension. Hypertension has no effect on the incidence of periodontal tissue disease in respondents who brush their teeth correctly.
Keywords: influence, hypertension, periodontitis, community

Abstrak
Periodontitis merupakan penyakit pada jaringan periodontal yang sudah mengenai jaringan pendukung gigi akibat akumulasi plak. Prevalensi periodontitis pada masyarakat usia ≥ 15 tahun menurut data Riskesdas 2018 adalah 67,8% ini berarti dari sepuluh orang penduduk Indonesia sebanyak 7 orang yang menderita periodontitis. Prevalensi hipertensi di dunia terus meningkat, dan merupakan faktor risiko berbagai penyakit antara lain cardiovascular disease (CVD), stroke, peripheral vascular disease, dan penyakit gagal ginjal. Hasil Riskesdas 2018 menunjukkan terjadi kenaikan prevalensi hipertensi dari 25,8 % pada tahun 2013 menjadi 34,1 % pada tahun 2018. Dilaporkan penyakit periodontal dapat menyebabkan peningkatan risiko penyakit tidak menular termasuk hipertensi. Tujuan dari penelitian ini untuk mengetahui pengaruh hipertensi terhadap kejadian penyakit jaringan periodontal (periodontitis) pada masyarakat di Indonesia. Metode penelitian merupakan analisis lanjut data Riskesdas 2018 dengan disain potong lintang (cross sectional) dan non intervensi. Sampel penelitian adalah seluruh anggota rumah tangga (ART) dalam rumah tangga terpilih. Sampel yang dianalisis adalah anggota rumah tangga berusia 15 tahun keatas yang melakukan kebiasaan menggosok gigi dengan benar. Pelaksanaan pengumpulan data kesehatan gigi dan mulut dilakukan melalui wawancara dan pemeriksaan pada status jaringan periodontal, sedangkan untuk hipertensi dengan melakukan pemeriksaan tekanan darah. Analisis lanjut data ini dilakukan secara univariat, bivariat dan multivariat. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa responden pada kelompok umur 26-45 tahun terdapat hubungan yang signikan dengan periodontitis, dengan p-value < 0,05 (p=0,046). Tidak ada hubungan yang signifikan antara hipertensi dengan penyakit jaringan periodontal (periodontitis), dengan p-value > 0,005 (p=0,926). Kesimpulan, penyakit periodontal banyak ditemukan pada usia muda, diketahui perempuan lebih banyak dari pada laki-laki, lebih banyak pada responden yang bekerja dan yang tinggal di perkotaan. Tidak ada hubungan yang bermakna antara hipertensi dengan penyakit periodontal. Hipertensi tidak berpengaruh terhadap kejadian penyakit jaringan periodontal pada responden yang mengosok gigi dengan benar.
Kata kunci: pengaruh,hipertensi,periodontitis, masyarakat

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Published
2020-12-30
How to Cite
1.
Suratri MA. Pengaruh Hipertensi Terhadap Kejadian Penyakit Jaringan Periodontal (Periodontitis) pada Masyarakat Indonesia (Data Riskesdas 2018). bpk [Internet]. 30Dec.2020 [cited 21Oct.2021];48(4):227-34. Available from: https://ejournal2.litbang.kemkes.go.id/index.php/bpk/article/view/3516
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Articles