Penilaian Kualitas Data Penyebab Kematian di Indonesia Tahun 2014

  • Endang Indriasih Peneliti Pusat Sumber Daya dan Pelayanan Kesehatan, Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan, Indonesia
  • Tita Rosita Peneliti Pusat Humaniora dan Manajemen Kesehatan, Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan, Indonesia
  • Anni Yulianti Peneliti Pusat Sumber Daya dan Pelayanan Kesehatan, Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan, Indonesia
  • Rozana Ika Agustiya Peneliti Pusat Humaniora dan Manajemen Kesehatan, Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan, Indonesia
Keywords: statistik kematian, penyebab kematian, ANACONDA

Abstract

Sample Registration System (SRS) is a demographic survey for providing data on causes of death (COD) in Indonesia. The quality of COD will be taken into consideration for health policies development. This paper aims to assess the quality of data on the causes of death in Indonesia through the proportion and level of garbage codes on the impact when used in policy making. The 2014 National COD data set were assessed by applying the Analysis of National Causes of Death for Action (ANACONDA) software tool version 3.7.0. Distributions and levels of unusable and insufficiently specified “garbage” codes were analyzed. The Result shows, Diseases of the circulatory system (62.6%) contributed the most to garbage cause of death. The proportion of unusable COD was 31% of total data. 80% of garbage code were unspecified deaths group. Most of the garbage codes has low-level on severity of impact level for policy, while 11% of total codes has medium, high dan very high level of impact. In Conclusion, the 2014 SRS data was not at high quality, but the implications of garbage code in making inappropriate policies are mostly at low level. The use of low-level codes has less important impact on public health policy. The 2014 SRS data could be considered as a scientific basis evidence for public health policy. Quality improvement still needs to be done by conducting training and refreshing to determine the cause of death for doctors and data collection techniques for data collectors
Keywords : Cause of Death, quality of data, Sample Registration System, ANACONDA

Abstrak
Sample Registration System (SRS) merupakan survei demografi untuk menyediakan data penyebab kematian (COD) di Indonesia. Kualitas COD akan menjadi bahan pertimbangan dalam membuat kebijakan kesehatan. Tulisan ini bertujuan untuk menilai kualitas data penyebab kematian di Indonesia melalui besar proporsi dan level kode sampah terhadap dampak yang ditimbulkan ketika digunakan dalam membuat kebijakan. Data penyebab kematian nasional tahun 2014 dinilai dengan menggunakan perangkat lunak Analisis Penyebab Kematian Nasional untuk Tindakan (ANACONDA) versi 3.7.0. Distribusi dan level kode "sampah" yang tidak dapat digunakan dianalisis dengan menggunakan ANACONDA. Hasil analisis menunjukkan, Diseases of the circulatory system (62.6%) berkontribusi terbanyak dalam hal kode sampah. Proporsi kode sampah yang tidak dapat digunakan adalah 31% dari total kode. Kode sampah yang paling umum digunakan adalah kelompok penyebab kematian tidak spesifik dan kelompok penyebab kematian antara. Berdasarkan tingkat keparahan dalam membuat kebijakan, sebagian besar kode sampah termasuk kategori level rendah, hanya 11% dari total kode memiliki tingkat dampak sedang, tinggi dan sangat tinggi. Kesimpulannya, kualitas data SRS 2014 masih kurang baik, namun implikasi yang ditimbulkan kode sampah dalam membuat kebijakan yang salah sebagian besar berada pada level rendah. Penggunaan kode-kode level rendah memiliki dampak yang kurang penting bagi kebijakan kesehatan masyarakat. Data penyebab kematian SRS 2014 layak dipertimbangkan untuk digunakan sebagai dasar kebijakan Kesehatan masyarakat. Pelatihan penentuan penyebab kematian untuk dokter dan juga petugas AV perlu dilakukan agar kualitas data COD selanjutnya dapat lebih baik
Kata kunci: penyebab kematian, kualitas data, Sample Registration System, ANACONDA

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Published
2020-12-30
How to Cite
1.
Indriasih E, Rosita T, Yulianti A, Agustiya R. Penilaian Kualitas Data Penyebab Kematian di Indonesia Tahun 2014. bpk [Internet]. 30Dec.2020 [cited 21Oct.2021];48(4):235-42. Available from: https://ejournal2.litbang.kemkes.go.id/index.php/bpk/article/view/3524
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