Ragam Tumbuhan Obat untuk Mengatasi Keluhan Gondok dalam Ristoja 2015 dan 2017

  • Tyas Friska Dewi Balai Besar Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Obat dan Obat Tradisional, Indonesia

Abstract

Research about Local Knowledge Exploration of Ethnomedicine and Medicinal Plants Based on Community in Indonesia, known as the Ethnopharmacology Research on Medicine Plant and Jamu (RISTOJA) has produced data in the form of medicinal plants information and herbs used by traditional healers in that ethnic group, to treat a complaint. Goiter is included in Iodine Deficiency Disorders (IDD) which is still become a problem in Indonesia. This paper aims to analyze medicinal plants that can be used to treat goiter complaints according to the results of RISTOJA through the citation frequency (FC) and the use value (UV) method. Based on the results of RISTOJA 2015 and 2017, there are 45 traditional healers (hattra) who have herbs containing medicinal plants to deal with goiter’s complaints. There are 80 types of medicinal plant species that formulated herbs which have been identified as being used by informants to overcome goiter’s complaints. FC and UV calculation results show that there are 4 medicinal plants that have FC more than 2.5% and UV more than 0.05. These plants are Curcuma longa L., Allium sativum L., Piper betle L., and Morinda citrifolia.
Keywords: goiter, ristoja, medicinal plan

Abstrak
Gondok merupakan penyakit yang termasuk ke dalam Gangguan Akibat Kekurangan Yodium (GAKY). Gondok masih menjadi masalah di Indonesia. Masyarakat Indonesia telah sejak lama menggunakan berbagai macam tumbuhan untuk pengobatan. Penelitian RISTOJA (Riset Tumbuhan Obat dan Jamu) menghasilkan data berupa informasi tumbuhan obat dan ramuan yang digunakan oleh penyehat tradisional untuk mengobati suatu keluhan, termasuk gondok. Tulisan ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis tumbuhan obat yang digunakan untuk mengatasi keluhan gondok sesuai dengan hasil RISTOJA tahun 2015 dan 2017 melalui metode frekuensi sitasi (FC) dan nilai kegunaan (UV). Terdapat 47 penyehat tradisional yang mempunyai ramuan untuk mengatasi keluhan gondok. Sebanyak 80 jenis spesies tumbuhan obat penyusun ramuan telah diidentifikasi. Hasil perhitungan FC dan UV menunjukkan bahwa terdapat tumbuhan obat yang memiliki FC lebih dari 2,5% dan UV lebih dari 0,05. Tumbuhan tersebut adalah Curcuma longa L., Allium sativum L., Piper betle L., dan Morinda citrifolia.
Kata kunci: gondok, ristoja, tanaman obat

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Published
2020-12-30
How to Cite
1.
Dewi T. Ragam Tumbuhan Obat untuk Mengatasi Keluhan Gondok dalam Ristoja 2015 dan 2017. bpk [Internet]. 30Dec.2020 [cited 21Oct.2021];48(4):253-62. Available from: https://ejournal2.litbang.kemkes.go.id/index.php/bpk/article/view/3530
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