PENGETAHUAN, PERILAKU DAN KONDISI LINGKUNGAN PADA PENINGKATAN KASUS LEPTOSPIROSIS DI WILAYAH PUSKESMAS KESUGIHAN II, KABUPATEN CILACAP

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  • Wiwik Trapsilowati Balai Besar Penelitian dan Pengembangan Vektor dan Reservoir Penyakit Salatiga
  • Aryani Pujiyanti Balai Besar Penelitian dan Pengembangan Vektor dan Reservoir Penyakit
  • Arief Mulyono Balai Besar Penelitian dan Pengembangan Vektor dan Reservoir Penyakit
Keywords: Knowledge, behavior, environment, leptospirosis

Abstract

Abstract

Leptospirosis is a zoonosis with a wide spread, both in Indonesia and globally. Leptospirosis risk factors are mainly behavioral and environmental factors. This study aims to describe the knowledge, behavior and environment of leptospirosis infected areas in Karangkandri Village, Cilacap Regency, Central Java. The research design was cross sectional with descriptive analysis. Respondents in the study were residents who lived in areas where leptospirosis cases occurred. Data collection was carried out by interview with a structured questionnaire instrument. The results showed that respondents who had knowledge of leptospirosis in the less category were 71.43%, 25.71% in the moderate category and 2.86% in the good category. The behavior of respondents in the less category was 85.71% and 14.29% was moderate, there was no good category. Environmental conditions in the medium category for 85.71% and 14.29% for the less category, there was no good category.

Keywords : Knowledge, behavior, environment, leptospirosis

Abstrak

Leptospirosis merupakan zoonosis dengan penyebaran yang luas, baik di Indonesia maupun secara global. Faktor risiko terkait dengan kejadian leptospirosis terutama faktor perilaku dan lingkungan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan pengetahuan, perilaku dan lingkungan wilayah tertular leptospirosis di Desa Karangkandri, Kabupaten Cilacap, Jawa Tengah. Rancangan penelitian ini adalah cross sectional dengan analisis secara deskriptif. Responden penelitian adalah warga yang bertempat tinggal di wilayah terjadi kasus leptospirosis. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan wawancara dengan instrumen kuesioner terstruktur. Hasil penelitian diketahui bahwa responden yang memiliki pengetahuan tentang leptospirosis kategori kurang sebesar 71,43%, kategori sedang sebesar 25,71% dan 2,86%  kategori baik. Perilaku responden kategori kurang sebesar 85,71% dan sedang sebesar 14,29%, kategori baik tidak ada. Kondisi lingkungan kategori sedang sebesar 85,71% dan kategori kurang 14,29% tidak ada kategori baik.

Kata kunci: Pengetahuan, perilaku, lingkungan, leptospirosis.

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Published
2021-04-05
How to Cite
1.
Trapsilowati W, Pujiyanti A, Mulyono A. PENGETAHUAN, PERILAKU DAN KONDISI LINGKUNGAN PADA PENINGKATAN KASUS LEPTOSPIROSIS DI WILAYAH PUSKESMAS KESUGIHAN II, KABUPATEN CILACAP. bpk [Internet]. 5Apr.2021 [cited 6May2021];. Available from: https://ejournal2.litbang.kemkes.go.id/index.php/bpk/article/view/4109