Pengaruh Konseling dan Leaflet terhadap Efikasi Diri, Kepatuhan Minum Obat, dan Tekanan Darah Pasien Hipertensi di Dua Puskesmas Kota Depok

  • Sri Wahyuni Dewanti Pascasarjana Fakultas Farmasi Universitas Indonesia, Kampus UI Depok, Indonesia
  • Retnosari Andrajati Pascasarjana Fakultas Farmasi Universitas Indonesia, Kampus UI Depok, Indonesia
  • Sudibyo Supardi Pusat Teknologi Intervensi Kesehatan Masyarakat, Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan, Kementerian Kesehatan, Indonesia
Keywords: Adherence, Counseling, Hypertension, Leaflet, Self efficacy

Abstract

Self-efficacy and low adherence was significant problem on using antihypertension drugs. The study purpose was to evaluate the effectiveness of counseling and provision of leaflets againts self-efficacy and adherence as well as the blood pressure of hypertensive patients at two community health centers in Depok City. The study desain is a quasi-experimental with 37 patients in counseling group and 36 patients in the leaflets group during March to June 2013. The instrument determine self-efficacy is MUSE scale, MMAS-8 scale for adherence and the tensimeter for blood pressure. Data were analyzed uses the Wilcoxon and Kolmogorov-Smirnov test. The results showed that the largest percentage of hypertension patients in community health centers have mild hypertension, has been suffering from hypertension between 1-5 years, received a single drug, mostly captopril, and did not feel any side effects. The counseling and provision of leaflets can increase self-efficacy and medication adherence, and lower systolic blood pressure significantly. Provision of leaflets to patients can increase self-efficacy and adherence, and lowering the systolic and diastolic pressure significantly. There is no significant difference between the effects of counseling and the provision of leaflets to increase self-efficacy and adherence, as well as a decrease in blood pressure in hypertensive patients in community health centers in Depok City

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Published
2015-02-17
How to Cite
1.
Dewanti S, Andrajati R, Supardi S. Pengaruh Konseling dan Leaflet terhadap Efikasi Diri, Kepatuhan Minum Obat, dan Tekanan Darah Pasien Hipertensi di Dua Puskesmas Kota Depok. jki [Internet]. 17Feb.2015 [cited 20May2022];5(1):33-0. Available from: https://ejournal2.litbang.kemkes.go.id/index.php/jki/article/view/3472
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