Kerasionalan Penggunaan Obat Diare yang Disimpan di Rumah Tangga di Indonesia

  • Mariana Raini 1 Pusat Biomedis dan Teknologi Dasar Kesehatan, Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan, Kementerian Kesehatan, Indonesia
  • Retno Gitawati 1 Pusat Biomedis dan Teknologi Dasar Kesehatan, Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan, Kementerian Kesehatan, Indonesia
  • Indri Rooslamiati 1 Pusat Biomedis dan Teknologi Dasar Kesehatan, Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan, Kementerian Kesehatan, Indonesia
Keywords: Diarrhea, Rational use, Diarrhea medicine, Antibiotic

Abstract

Diarrhea is a major health problem in developing countries. WHO data showed diarrhea caused the death of 2.5 million people, 80% are children under five years old. Riskesdas 2013 stated the prevalence of diarrhea in Indonesia is 7%, whereas 12.2% of it are children under five years old. Self-medication is common and access for the medicine is easy. This analysis aims to assess the rational use of diarrhea medication stored in households. The rational drug used is associated with the mother's education level and household ownership quintile. This study design is cross sectional. The data was taken from Riskesdas 2013 namely type of medicines (data from block VI), mother’s education level data (from block IV) and economic status presented as household ownership quintile level (data from block IX). The result showed that the highest percentage of diarrhea drugs stored at household is adsorbents (40.4%), followed by antibiotic (22.4%) and traditional medicine (18.5%). Rationality of diarrhea medications stored in households is 74.7% and irrational (25.3)%). Wealthy people (quintiles 4 and 5) are 2.019 times more rational compared with the poor (quintiles 1, 2 and 3), while mothers with a good education (high school and above) are 1.944 times more rational in using medicine for diarrhea treatment compared with mothers with low education (below high school).

Author Biographies

Mariana Raini, 1 Pusat Biomedis dan Teknologi Dasar Kesehatan, Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan, Kementerian Kesehatan, Indonesia
1. Unicef-WHO. Diarrhoea: Why children are still dying and what can be done [Internet]. 2009 [cited 2014 16 Mei]. Diakses dari http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications, 10 Desember 2014. 2. Kementerian Kesehatan. Laporan Riset Kesehatan Dasar (Riskesdas) 2007. Jakarta: Kementerian Kesehatan; 2008. 3. Kementerian Kesehatan. Laporan Riset Kesehatan Dasar (Riskesdas) 2013. Jakarta: Kementerian Kesehatan; 2014. 4. Kementerian Kesehatan. Panduan Sosialisasi Tata Laksana Diare Untuk Petugas Kesehatan. Jakarta: Kementerian Kesehatan; 2011. 5. US Departement of Health and Human Services. Diarrhea [Internet]. [cited 2014 16 Mei]. Diakses dari http://digestive. niddk.nih.gov/ddiseases/pubs/diarrhea, 10 Januari 2015. 6. WHO. The Role of Pharmacist in Self-Care and Self Medication. The Hague. Netherlands: WHO; 1998. 7. Farthing M, Salam M, Linberg G, Dite P, Khalif I, Lindo ES, dkk, Acute Diarrhea in Adults and Children: A Global Perspective, World Gastroenterology Organisation Global Guidelines, February 2012. 8. Kementerian Kesehatan RI, Situasi Diare di Indonesia, Buletin Data dan Jendela Informasi Kesehatan. 2011;2(2):1-18. 9. Subdit Pengendalian Diare dan Infeksi Saluran Pencernaan Kementerian Kesehatan RI, Pengendalian Diare di Indonesia, Buletin Jendela dan Informasi Kesehatan. 2011; 2(2),19–20. 10. Kementerian Kesehatan. Modul Penggunaan Obat Rasional. Jakarta: Kementerian Kesehatan; 2011. 11. Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan. Hasil Penelitian Resistensi Antibiotik Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan. Disampaikan pada: Lokakarya PPRA di Batam 23-25 Oktober 2013. 12. Jurnalis YD. Pola Resistensi Kuman Penyakit Diare Terhadap Antibiotik. Majalah Kedokteran Andalas. 2009; 1(23):43-46. 13. WHO Media Center. Antimicrobial Resistance [Internet]. 2014 [cited 2014 April 15]. Diakses dari http://www. who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs194/en/, 10 Januari 2015. 14. Kementerian Kesehatan. Survey Demografi dan Kesehatan Indonesia (SDKI). Jakarta: Kementerian Kesehatan; 2007.
Retno Gitawati, 1 Pusat Biomedis dan Teknologi Dasar Kesehatan, Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan, Kementerian Kesehatan, Indonesia
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References

1. Unicef-WHO. Diarrhoea: Why children are still dying and what can be done [Internet]. 2009 [cited 2014 16 Mei]. Diakses dari http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications, 10 Desember 2014.
2. Kementerian Kesehatan. Laporan Riset Kesehatan Dasar (Riskesdas) 2007. Jakarta: Kementerian Kesehatan; 2008.
3. Kementerian Kesehatan. Laporan Riset Kesehatan Dasar (Riskesdas) 2013. Jakarta: Kementerian Kesehatan; 2014.
4. Kementerian Kesehatan. Panduan Sosialisasi Tata Laksana Diare Untuk Petugas Kesehatan. Jakarta: Kementerian Kesehatan; 2011.
5. US Departement of Health and Human Services. Diarrhea [Internet]. [cited 2014 16 Mei]. Diakses dari http://digestive. niddk.nih.gov/ddiseases/pubs/diarrhea, 10 Januari 2015.
6. WHO. The Role of Pharmacist in Self-Care and Self Medication. The Hague. Netherlands: WHO; 1998.
7. Farthing M, Salam M, Linberg G, Dite P, Khalif I, Lindo ES, dkk, Acute Diarrhea in Adults and Children: A Global Perspective, World Gastroenterology Organisation Global Guidelines, February 2012.
8. Kementerian Kesehatan RI, Situasi Diare di Indonesia, Buletin Data dan Jendela Informasi Kesehatan. 2011;2(2):1-18.
9. Subdit Pengendalian Diare dan Infeksi Saluran Pencernaan Kementerian Kesehatan RI, Pengendalian Diare di Indonesia, Buletin Jendela dan Informasi Kesehatan. 2011; 2(2),19–20.
10. Kementerian Kesehatan. Modul Penggunaan Obat Rasional. Jakarta: Kementerian Kesehatan; 2011.
11. Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan. Hasil Penelitian Resistensi Antibiotik Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan. Disampaikan pada: Lokakarya PPRA di Batam 23-25 Oktober 2013.
12. Jurnalis YD. Pola Resistensi Kuman Penyakit Diare Terhadap Antibiotik. Majalah Kedokteran Andalas. 2009; 1(23):43-46.
13. WHO Media Center. Antimicrobial Resistance [Internet]. 2014 [cited 2014 April 15]. Diakses dari http://www. who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs194/en/, 10 Januari 2015.
14. Kementerian Kesehatan. Survey Demografi dan Kesehatan Indonesia (SDKI). Jakarta: Kementerian Kesehatan; 2007.
Published
2015-02-17
How to Cite
1.
Raini M, Gitawati R, Rooslamiati I. Kerasionalan Penggunaan Obat Diare yang Disimpan di Rumah Tangga di Indonesia. jki [Internet]. 17Feb.2015 [cited 26May2022];5(1):49-6. Available from: https://ejournal2.litbang.kemkes.go.id/index.php/jki/article/view/3473
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Articles