Deskripsi Hasil Uji Angka Lempeng Total (ALT) Pada Beberapa Susu Formula Bayi

  • Nelly Puspandari Pusat Biomedis dan Teknologi Dasar Kesehatan, Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan, Kementerian Kesehatan, Indonesia
  • Ani Isnawati Pusat Biomedis dan Teknologi Dasar Kesehatan, Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan, Kementerian Kesehatan, Indonesia
Keywords: Total Plate Count; Infant formula, Brestfed; 23 provinces; Indonesia, Total Plate Count, Infant formula, 23 provinces, Indonesia

Abstract

Infant formula is the nutrient source for some babies who were not breastfed. Risk factors for infection in infants less than 6 months old who consume formula are greater than those who were breastfed. This is due to the baby's immune system is not well formed. Therefore, it is important to supervise formula safety more strict than adult’s food. Total plate count (TPC) is one of the factors considered in the infant formula. The aim of this study is to define safety of infant formula based on total plate count within infant formula distributed in Indonesia in 2011. The study was a cross sectional study. The samples were representative of infant formula distributed in 23 province. Total plate count method and interpretation were conducted based on ISO/TS 22964. The TPC of each samples were examined three times. The TPC of all infant formulas were below of SNI breakpoint, which is less than 104cfu/gram. TPC ranged from <10 – 1,2 × 102cfu/gram. It meant that infant formulas distributed in Indonesia were safe if considered of TPC.

References

Sterken E. Risk of formula feeding. Infact Canada.Canada 2006

Basuki DN. Mengapa menyusui perlu dilindungi [internet]. Jakarta: Direktorat Bina Gizi; 2009. [disitasi 2015 April 9]. tersedia dari http://gizidepkesgoid/wp-content/uploads/2012/05/Artikel-ASIpdf. 2009

Suherna C, Febry F, Mutahar R. Hubungan antara pemberian susu formula dengan kejadian diare pada anak usia 0-24 bulan di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Balai Agung Sekayu tahun 2009. Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat. 2010;1(1):35-8

Badan Litbang Kesehatan. Riskesdas 2013 Dalam Angka. 2014. Diunduh 2015 September.Tersedia dari http://labdata. litbang.depkes.go.id/riset-badan litbang-kes/menu-riskesnas/menu-riskesdas/374-rkd-2013

Rajput IR, Khaskeli M, Rao S, Faziani SA, Shah QA, Khaskeli GB. Microbial quality of formulated infant milk powders. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition. 2009;8:1665-70

Ferraz MA, Cerqueira MMOP, Souza MR. Evaluation of Enterobacteriaceae in the powdered milk production chain using both traditional (ISO 21528:2) and rapid (3M™ Petrifilm™) methods. Annual Microbiology. 2010;60:373–6.

Badan Standardisasi Nasional. Batas maksimum cemaran mikroba dalam pangan. SNI 7388:2009

Deeb AM, Hawary LA, Aman I, Shahine DMHA. Bacteriologycal investigation on Milk Powder in the Egyptian Market with Emphasis on its Safety. Global Veterinaria. 2010;4:424-33.

New South Wales Food Authority. Microbiological quality of powdered infant formula. [internet]. Newington; 2011. [cited 2015]. Diunduh dari www.foodauthority.nsw.gov.au.

Peraturan Menteri Kesehatan Republik Indonesia Nomor 39 Tahun 2013 tentang Susu Formula Bayi dan Produk Bayi Lainnya. Kementerian Kesehatan. Jakarta; 2013.

Chap J, Jackson P, Siqueira R, Gaspar N, Quintas C, Park J, et al. International survey of Cronobacter sakazakii and other Cronobacter spp. in follow up formulas and infant foods. International Journal of Food Microbiology. 2009 Dec;136(2):18–8

Estuningsih S, Kress C, Hassan A, Akineden O, Schneider E, Usleber E. Enterobacteriaceae in dehydrated powdered infant formula manufactured in Indonesia and Malaysia. Journal of Food Protection. 2006;69(2):3013-7

Florin. Total Plate Count. [cited 2015 March 5]. Available from http://www.florin-ag.ch/index.php?sid

United Fresh Produce Association Food Safety and Technology Council Microbiological Testing of Fresh Produce. Microbiological testing of fresh produce [internet]. 2010 [cited 2014 May 16]. Available from http://www.united fresh.org/assets/food_safety/MicroWhite_Paper.pdf

Sani NA, Yi LY. Enterobacteriaceae, Cronobacter (Enterobacter) sakazakii and microbial population in infant formula products in the Malaysian market). Sains Malaysiana. 2011;40(4):345–51.

Saskatchewan Food Industry Development Centre Inc. HACCP and Food Safety Certificate Program. [internet] 2015. [Cited 2015 May14]. Available form http://www.haccponline. ca/about/

Sampurno OD, Isnawati A, Puspandari N, Raini M, Retno D, Dewanti R. Gambaran keamanan cemaran mikroba E.sakazakii pada susu formula bayi yang beredar di Indonesia tahun 2011. Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan. 2012 Des;40(4):209-15.

Hoolasi K. A HACCP study on yoghurt manufacture. [Master Thesis Operation and Quality Management]. Durban Institute of Technology; 2005.

Cossey V, Jeurissen A, Thelissen M-J, Vanhole C, Schuermans A. Expressed breast milk on a neonatal unit: A hazard analysis and critical control points approach. American Journal Infection Control. 2011 Dec;39(10):832-38.

Published
2015-08-31
How to Cite
1.
Puspandari N, Isnawati A. Deskripsi Hasil Uji Angka Lempeng Total (ALT) Pada Beberapa Susu Formula Bayi. jki [Internet]. 31Aug.2015 [cited 20May2022];5(2):106-12. Available from: https://ejournal2.litbang.kemkes.go.id/index.php/jki/article/view/3693
Section
Articles