FAKTOR IKLIM BERPENGARUH TERHADAP KEJADIAN DEMAM BERDARAH DENGUE DI KOTA CIMAHI TAHUN 2004-2013

Keywords: DBD, faktor iklim, selang waktu

Abstract

Studi ekologi dilakukan untuk mengetahui hubungan antara variabilitas faktor iklim berupa suhu, kelembapan, kecepatan angin, curah hujan dan lama penyinaran matahari dengan kejadian Demam berdarah dengue (DBD) di Kota Cimahi. Analisis korelasi dilakukan dengan menggunakan data sekunder yaitu data bulanan kasus DBD dan faktor iklim pada periode tahun 2004-2013. Data kasus DBD merupakan data bulanan berbasis rumah sakit yang diperoleh dari Dinas Kesehatan Kota Cimahi sedangkan data bulanan faktor iklim pada periode yang sama diperoleh dari Stasiun Geofisika Kelas I Bandung. Uji korelasi menggunakan pearson’s product moment atau spearman’s rho tergantung dari hasil uji normalitas data dengan kolmogorov-smirnov test. Analisis dilakukan dengan menggunakan 4 skenario selang waktu antara kasus DBD dengan faktor iklim yaitu tanpa selang waktu (n=0), selang waktu 1 bulan (n-1), selang waktu 2 bulan (n-2) dan selang waktu 3 bulan (n-3). Hasil uji menunjukkan bahwa suhu dan curah hujan memiliki hubungan signifikan (p value = 0,000 dan 0,004) dengan koefisien korelasi terkuat (r = -0,390 dan 0,265) pada selang waktu 1 bulan dari waktu kemunculan kasus DBD, sedangkan kelembapan dan lama penyinaran matahari memiliki hubungan yang signifikan (p value = 0,000 dan 0,002) dengan koefisien korelasi terbesar (r = 0,398 dan -0,277) pada selang waktu dua bulan. Sehingga dapat disimpulkan bahwa suhu, curah hujan, kelembapan dan lama penyinaran matahari berhubungan dengan korelasi terbesar dari waktu kemunculan kasus DBD.

References

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30. Ardias A, Setiani O, Darundiati YH. Faktor Lingkungan dan Perilaku Masyarakat yang Berhubungan dengan Kejadian Filariasis di Kabupaten Sambas. J Kesehat Lingkung Indones. 2012;11(2). doi:DOI: 10.14710/jkli.11.2.199 - 207
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33. Akter R, Hu W, Naish S, Banu S, Tong S. Joint effects of climate variability and socioecological factors on dengue transmission: epidemiological evidence. Trop Med Int Heal. 2017. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/tmi.12868
34. Colón-González FJ, Harris I, Osborn TJ, et al. Limiting global-mean temperature increase to 1.5–2 °C could reduce the incidence and spatial spread of dengue fever in Latin America. Proc Natl Acad Sci. 2018. doi:10.1073/pnas.1718945115
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1. Stephenson JR. The Problem With Dengue. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2005;99(9):643-646.
2. Departemen Kesehatan RI. Pertemuan Perencanaan P2B2 Terpadu Dan Diseminasi Informasi Litbangkes. Jakarta: Litbangkes Depkes RI; 2009.
3. Kementerian Kesehatan. Laporan Tahunan Pengendalian Penyakit Tahun 2012. Jakarta: Ditjen Pengendalian Penyakit dan Penyehatan Lingkungan; 2013.
4. Nhita F, Liong TH, Shaufiah. The Prediction of Dengue Haemorrhagic Fever (DHF) in Cimahi using Hybrid Genetic Algorithm and Fuzzy Logic. 2011.
5. Dinas Kesehatan Kota Cimahi. Laporan Kasus Demam Berdarah Tahun 2007.; 2008.
6. Al-Muhandis N, Hunter PR. The value of educational messages embedded in a community-based approach to combat dengue fever: A systematic review and meta regression analysis. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2011. doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0001278
7. Pradani FY, Fuadiyah MEA, Yuliasih Y. Perilaku Masyarakat dan Indeks Entomologi Vektor Demam Berdarah Dengue di Kota Cimahi. ASPIRATOR - J Vector-borne Dis Stud. 2010;2(1):37-44.
8. Lambrechts L, Paaijmans KP, Fansiri T, et al. Impact of daily temperature fl uctuations on dengue virus transmission by Aedes aegypti. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2011. doi:10.1073/pnas.1101377108/-/DCSupplemental.www.pnas.org/cgi/doi/10.1073/pnas.1101377108
9. Johansson MA, Dominici F, Glass GE. Local and global effects of climate on dengue transmission in Puerto Rico. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2009. doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0000382
10. Fuller DO, Troyo A, Beier JC. El Niño Southern Oscillation and vegetation dynamics as predictors of dengue fever cases in Costa Rica. Environ Res Lett. 2009. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/4/1/014011
11. Hii YL, Rockl??v J, Ng N, Tang CS, Pang FY, Sauerborn R. Climate variability and increase in intensity and magnitude of dengue incidence in Singapore. Glob Health Action. 2009. doi:10.3402/gha.v2i0.2036
12. Yang HM, Macoris MLG, Galvani KC, Andrighetti MTM, Wanderley DM V. Assessing the effects of temperature on the population of Aedes aegypti, the vector of dengue. Epidemiol Infect. 2009;137(8):1188-1202. doi:10.1017/S0950268809002040
13. Focks DA, Brenner RJ, Hayes J, Daniels E. Transmission thresholds for dengue in terms of Aedes aegypti pupae per person with discussion of their utility in source reduction efforts. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2000;62:11-18. doi:10.4269/ajtmh.2000.62.11
14. Fouque F, Carinci R, Gaborit P, Issaly J, Bicout DJ, Sabatier P. Aedes aegypti survival and dengue transmission patterns in French Guiana. J Vector Ecol. 2006;31(2):390–399. doi:10.3376/1081-1710(2006)31[390:AASADT]2.0.CO;2
15. Burke D, Charmichael A, Focks D, Al. E. Under The Weather : Climate, Ecosystem and Infectious Disease. Emerg Infect Dis. 2001;7(7).
16. Ayumi F, Iravati S, Umniyati S. Faktor Iklim dan Kondisi Fisik Lingkungan Rumah Dengan Kejadian Demam Berdarah Dengue di Beberapa Zone Season Yogyakarta. Ber Kedokt Masy (BKM J Community Med Public Heal. 2016;32(12):455-460.
17. Amah Majidah Vidyah Dini, Rina Nur Fitriany RAW. Fakor Iklim dan Angka Insiden Demam Berdarah Dengue di Kabupaten Serang. Makara Kesehat. 2010;14(1):37-45.
18. Mc Michael A, Campbell-Lendrum D, Corvalan C, et al. Climate Change and Human Health, Risk and Responses. (Kovats, ed.). Geneva, Switzerland: WHO; 1996.
19. Mintarsih ER, Santoso L, Suwasono H. Pengaruh Suhu dan Kelembaban Udara Alami Terhadap Jangka Hidup Aedes aegypti betina di Kotamadya Salatiga dan Semarang. Cermin Dunia Kedokt. 1996;107:20-22.
20. Mohammed A, Chadee DD. Effects of Different Temperature Regiment on The Development of Aedes aegypti (L.) (Diptera: Cilicidae) Mosquitoes. Acta Trop. 2011;119:38-43.
21. World Health Organization. Comprehensive Guidelines for Prevention and Control of Dengue and Dengue Haemorrhagic Fever, Revised and Expanded Edition. New Delhi: WHO for Region of South East Asia; 2011.
22. Gubler D, Ooi E, Vasudevan S. Dengue and Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever, 2nd Edition. (Farrar J, ed.). Boston: CABI Publishing; 2014.
23. Darbro JM, Muzari MO, Giblin A, Adamczyk RM, Ritchie SA, Devine GJ. Reducing biting rates of Aedes aegypti with metofluthrin: investigations in time and space. Parasites and Vectors. 2017. doi:10.1186/s13071-017-2004-0
24. Guagliardo SA, Barboza JL, Morrison AC, Astete H, Vazquez-Prokopec G, Kitron U. Patterns of Geographic Expansion of Aedes aegypti in the Peruvian Amazon. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2014. doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0003033
25. Pham H V., Doan HTM, Phan TTT, Tran Minh NN. Ecological factors associated with dengue fever in a central highlands province, Vietnam. BMC Infect Dis. 2011;11(172). doi:10.1186/1471-2334-11-172
26. Lucio PS, Degallier N, Servain J, et al. A case study of the influence of local weather on Aedes aegypti (L.) aging and mortality. J Vector Ecol. 2013;38:20-37. doi:10.1111/j.1948-7134.2013.12005.x
27. Nasir S, Jabeen F, Abbas S, Nasir I, Debboun M. Effect of climatic conditions and water bodies on population dynamics of the dengue vector, Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae). J Arthropod Borne Dis. 2017;11(1):50.
28. Dhimal M, Gautam I, Joshi HD, O’Hara RB, Ahrens B, Kuch U. Risk Factors for the Presence of Chikungunya and Dengue Vectors (Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus), Their Altitudinal Distribution and Climatic Determinants of Their Abundance in Central Nepal. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2015. doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0003545
29. Yulia Iriani. Hubungan antara Curah Hujan dan Peningkatan Kasus Demam Berdarah Dengue Anak di Kota Palembang. Sari Pediatr. 2012;13((6)):378-383. doi:10.1016/j.medcli.2016.07.028
30. Ardias A, Setiani O, Darundiati YH. Faktor Lingkungan dan Perilaku Masyarakat yang Berhubungan dengan Kejadian Filariasis di Kabupaten Sambas. J Kesehat Lingkung Indones. 2012;11(2). doi:DOI: 10.14710/jkli.11.2.199 - 207
31. Souza RL, Mugabe VA, Paploski IAD, et al. Effect of an intervention in storm drains to prevent Aedes aegypti reproduction in Salvador, Brazil. Parasites and Vectors. 2017;10(1):328. doi:10.1186/s13071-017-2266-6
32. Wong J, Stoddard ST, Astete H, Morrison AC, Scott TW. Oviposition site selection by the dengue vector Aedes aegypti and its implications for dengue control. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2011;5(4):e1015. doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0001015
33. Akter R, Hu W, Naish S, Banu S, Tong S. Joint effects of climate variability and socioecological factors on dengue transmission: epidemiological evidence. Trop Med Int Heal. 2017. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/tmi.12868
34. Colón-González FJ, Harris I, Osborn TJ, et al. Limiting global-mean temperature increase to 1.5–2 °C could reduce the incidence and spatial spread of dengue fever in Latin America. Proc Natl Acad Sci. 2018. doi:10.1073/pnas.1718945115
35. Mordecai EA, Cohen JM, Evans M V., et al. Detecting the impact of temperature on transmission of Zika, dengue, and chikungunya using mechanistic models. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2017. doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0005568



1. Stephenson JR. The Problem With Dengue. Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg. 2005;99(9):643-646.
2. Departemen Kesehatan RI. Pertemuan Perencanaan P2B2 Terpadu Dan Diseminasi Informasi Litbangkes. Jakarta: Litbangkes Depkes RI; 2009.
3. Kementerian Kesehatan. Laporan Tahunan Pengendalian Penyakit Tahun 2012. Jakarta: Ditjen Pengendalian Penyakit dan Penyehatan Lingkungan; 2013.
4. Nhita F, Liong TH, Shaufiah. The Prediction of Dengue Haemorrhagic Fever (DHF) in Cimahi using Hybrid Genetic Algorithm and Fuzzy Logic. 2011.
5. Dinas Kesehatan Kota Cimahi. Laporan Kasus Demam Berdarah Tahun 2007.; 2008.
6. Al-Muhandis N, Hunter PR. The value of educational messages embedded in a community-based approach to combat dengue fever: A systematic review and meta regression analysis. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2011. doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0001278
7. Pradani FY, Fuadiyah MEA, Yuliasih Y. Perilaku Masyarakat dan Indeks Entomologi Vektor Demam Berdarah Dengue di Kota Cimahi. ASPIRATOR - J Vector-borne Dis Stud. 2010;2(1):37-44.
8. Lambrechts L, Paaijmans KP, Fansiri T, et al. Impact of daily temperature fl uctuations on dengue virus transmission by Aedes aegypti. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2011. doi:10.1073/pnas.1101377108/-/DCSupplemental.www.pnas.org/cgi/doi/10.1073/pnas.1101377108
9. Johansson MA, Dominici F, Glass GE. Local and global effects of climate on dengue transmission in Puerto Rico. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2009. doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0000382
10. Fuller DO, Troyo A, Beier JC. El Niño Southern Oscillation and vegetation dynamics as predictors of dengue fever cases in Costa Rica. Environ Res Lett. 2009. doi:10.1088/1748-9326/4/1/014011
11. Hii YL, Rockl??v J, Ng N, Tang CS, Pang FY, Sauerborn R. Climate variability and increase in intensity and magnitude of dengue incidence in Singapore. Glob Health Action. 2009. doi:10.3402/gha.v2i0.2036
12. Yang HM, Macoris MLG, Galvani KC, Andrighetti MTM, Wanderley DM V. Assessing the effects of temperature on the population of Aedes aegypti, the vector of dengue. Epidemiol Infect. 2009;137(8):1188-1202. doi:10.1017/S0950268809002040
13. Focks DA, Brenner RJ, Hayes J, Daniels E. Transmission thresholds for dengue in terms of Aedes aegypti pupae per person with discussion of their utility in source reduction efforts. Am J Trop Med Hyg. 2000;62:11-18. doi:10.4269/ajtmh.2000.62.11
14. Fouque F, Carinci R, Gaborit P, Issaly J, Bicout DJ, Sabatier P. Aedes aegypti survival and dengue transmission patterns in French Guiana. J Vector Ecol. 2006;31(2):390–399. doi:10.3376/1081-1710(2006)31[390:AASADT]2.0.CO;2
15. Burke D, Charmichael A, Focks D, Al. E. Under The Weather : Climate, Ecosystem and Infectious Disease. Emerg Infect Dis. 2001;7(7).
16. Ayumi F, Iravati S, Umniyati S. Faktor Iklim dan Kondisi Fisik Lingkungan Rumah Dengan Kejadian Demam Berdarah Dengue di Beberapa Zone Season Yogyakarta. Ber Kedokt Masy (BKM J Community Med Public Heal. 2016;32(12):455-460.
17. Amah Majidah Vidyah Dini, Rina Nur Fitriany RAW. Fakor Iklim dan Angka Insiden Demam Berdarah Dengue di Kabupaten Serang. Makara Kesehat. 2010;14(1):37-45.
18. Mc Michael A, Campbell-Lendrum D, Corvalan C, et al. Climate Change and Human Health, Risk and Responses. (Kovats, ed.). Geneva, Switzerland: WHO; 1996.
19. Mintarsih ER, Santoso L, Suwasono H. Pengaruh Suhu dan Kelembaban Udara Alami Terhadap Jangka Hidup Aedes aegypti betina di Kotamadya Salatiga dan Semarang. Cermin Dunia Kedokt. 1996;107:20-22.
20. Mohammed A, Chadee DD. Effects of Different Temperature Regiment on The Development of Aedes aegypti (L.) (Diptera: Cilicidae) Mosquitoes. Acta Trop. 2011;119:38-43.
21. World Health Organization. Comprehensive Guidelines for Prevention and Control of Dengue and Dengue Haemorrhagic Fever, Revised and Expanded Edition. New Delhi: WHO for Region of South East Asia; 2011.
22. Gubler D, Ooi E, Vasudevan S. Dengue and Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever, 2nd Edition. (Farrar J, ed.). Boston: CABI Publishing; 2014.
23. Darbro JM, Muzari MO, Giblin A, Adamczyk RM, Ritchie SA, Devine GJ. Reducing biting rates of Aedes aegypti with metofluthrin: investigations in time and space. Parasites and Vectors. 2017. doi:10.1186/s13071-017-2004-0
24. Guagliardo SA, Barboza JL, Morrison AC, Astete H, Vazquez-Prokopec G, Kitron U. Patterns of Geographic Expansion of Aedes aegypti in the Peruvian Amazon. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2014. doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0003033
25. Pham H V., Doan HTM, Phan TTT, Tran Minh NN. Ecological factors associated with dengue fever in a central highlands province, Vietnam. BMC Infect Dis. 2011;11(172). doi:10.1186/1471-2334-11-172
26. Lucio PS, Degallier N, Servain J, et al. A case study of the influence of local weather on Aedes aegypti (L.) aging and mortality. J Vector Ecol. 2013;38:20-37. doi:10.1111/j.1948-7134.2013.12005.x
27. Nasir S, Jabeen F, Abbas S, Nasir I, Debboun M. Effect of climatic conditions and water bodies on population dynamics of the dengue vector, Aedes aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae). J Arthropod Borne Dis. 2017;11(1):50.
28. Dhimal M, Gautam I, Joshi HD, O’Hara RB, Ahrens B, Kuch U. Risk Factors for the Presence of Chikungunya and Dengue Vectors (Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus), Their Altitudinal Distribution and Climatic Determinants of Their Abundance in Central Nepal. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2015. doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0003545
29. Yulia Iriani. Hubungan antara Curah Hujan dan Peningkatan Kasus Demam Berdarah Dengue Anak di Kota Palembang. Sari Pediatr. 2012;13((6)):378-383. doi:10.1016/j.medcli.2016.07.028
30. Ardias A, Setiani O, Darundiati YH. Faktor Lingkungan dan Perilaku Masyarakat yang Berhubungan dengan Kejadian Filariasis di Kabupaten Sambas. J Kesehat Lingkung Indones. 2012;11(2). doi:DOI: 10.14710/jkli.11.2.199 - 207
31. Souza RL, Mugabe VA, Paploski IAD, et al. Effect of an intervention in storm drains to prevent Aedes aegypti reproduction in Salvador, Brazil. Parasites and Vectors. 2017;10(1):328. doi:10.1186/s13071-017-2266-6
32. Wong J, Stoddard ST, Astete H, Morrison AC, Scott TW. Oviposition site selection by the dengue vector Aedes aegypti and its implications for dengue control. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2011;5(4):e1015. doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0001015
33. Akter R, Hu W, Naish S, Banu S, Tong S. Joint effects of climate variability and socioecological factors on dengue transmission: epidemiological evidence. Trop Med Int Heal. 2017. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/tmi.12868
34. Colón-González FJ, Harris I, Osborn TJ, et al. Limiting global-mean temperature increase to 1.5–2 °C could reduce the incidence and spatial spread of dengue fever in Latin America. Proc Natl Acad Sci. 2018. doi:10.1073/pnas.1718945115
35. Mordecai EA, Cohen JM, Evans M V., et al. Detecting the impact of temperature on transmission of Zika, dengue, and chikungunya using mechanistic models. PLoS Negl Trop Dis. 2017. doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0005568
Published
2019-10-01
Section
Articles