Kajian Potensi Tripanosomiasis sebagai Penyakit Zoonosis Emerging di Indonesia

The Review of Potency of Trypanosomiasis as an Emerging Zoonoses Disease in Indonesia

  • Risqa Novita
Keywords: Trypanosoma in humans, emerging parasites, Southeast Asia

Abstract

Abstract

Indonesia is the country with the highest population in the Southeast Asia and has high density on population of livestock. The impact of climate change is also happen in Indonesia which environmental temperature increase ranging from 1-1.5 C. Higher temperature will affects vector and reservoirs propagation. Thus, livestock in Indonesia are not yet free of Surra, which caused by Trypanosoma  evansi. This condition is potential for Trypanosoma  sp. development. Vectors of Trypanosoma are fleas and rats, which their population are high in Indonesia. Human trypanosoma is also happen at year 2014 in Indonesia, but the clinical signs dinot specific (unpublished article). Trypanosoma has a chance to be an emerging zoonoses diseases in Indonesia. This paper aims to study trypanosoma as a disease agent that has opportunity to cause emerging zoonotic parasites. This writing method is a study of the literature in Google scholar and Pubmed, with a search using the keyword trypanosoma in humans, emerging parasites, southeast asia. Based on the results of the literature search, it was found that Indonesia has a chance of human trypanosoma infection because the livestocks in Indonesia are not free from Surra, the population of vectors and reservoirs is quite high and the warm environment triggered by population density is a risk factor for this disease. The closeness of the place of residence between humans and livestock, and also rats as a reservoir is also a risk factor. Indonesia has the opportunity to develop zoonotic parasitic diseases, as human trypanosoma

Abstrak

Indonesia  merupakan  negara  berjumlah  penduduk  tertinggi  di  Asia  T enggara  dan Indonesia  merupakan negara  berjumlah  penduduk  tertinggi  di  Asia  Tenggara  dan memiliki kepadatan  populasi hewan  ternak. Dampak perubahan iklim  juga  dirasakan  di Indonesia berupa kenaikan temperatur lingkungan berkisar 1-1.5 C yang berpengaruh terhadap  perkembangbiakan  vektor  dan  reservoir  penyakit  parasit.  Ternak  di Indonesia belum  bebas  penyakit  Surra  yang  disebabkan  oleh  Trypanosoma evansi.  Potensi terjadinya infeksi Surra  dan  Trypanosoma  spesies  lainnya  cukup  tinggi  di  Indonesia, karena Thailand, Vietnam dan Malaysia memiliki kasus tripanosomiasis pada manusia. Kelembaban udara di Indonesia  tinggi sehingga memicu kecepatan perkembangbiakan vektor dan reservoir tripanosoma. Vektor tripanosoma adalah kutu dan lalat, reservoir penyakit adalah tikus yang berjumlah banyak di Indonesia.  Tripanosoma pada manusia terjadi pada tahun  2014 di Indonesia  (artikel belum terpublikasi). Tulisan ini  bertujuan untuk  mengkaji  Trypanosoma sebagai  agen  penyakit  yang  berpeluang  menimbulkan penyakit  parasit  zoonosis  emerging.  Metode tulisan  ini  berupa  kajian  dari  literaturliteratur yang ada di Google scholar dan Pubmed, dengan pencarian menggunakan kata kunci:  Trypanosoma  pada  manusia, emerging  parasit,  Asia  Tenggara.  Berdasarkan hasil  dari  penelusuran  literatur,  didapatkan  data  bahwa  Indonesia  memiliki peluang terjadinya infeksi Trypanosoma  pada manusia karena ternak di Indonesia belum bebas dari  Surra, populasi  vektor  dan  reservoir  cukup  tinggi  dan  lingkungan  yang  hangat dipicu  dengan  kepadatan penduduk  menjadi  faktor  risiko  terjadinya  penyakit  ini. Adanya kedekatan tempat tinggal antara manusia dengan hewan ternak, dan juga tikus sebagai  reservoir  juga  menjadi  faktor  risiko  tersendiri.   Indonesia berpeluang  terjadinya  penyakit  parasit  emerging  yang  zoonosis yaitu  Trypanosomapada  manusia.

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Published
2019-06-17
How to Cite
Novita, R. (2019). Kajian Potensi Tripanosomiasis sebagai Penyakit Zoonosis Emerging di Indonesia. Jurnal Vektor Penyakit, 13(1), 21-32. https://doi.org/10.22435/vektorp.v13i1.934
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Articles

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