FORMULASI RODENTISIDA NABATI PAPAIN PEPAYA (Carica papaya L.) SEBAGAI ALTERNATIF PENGENDALI MENCIT

  • Nova Pramestuti
  • Corry Laura Junita Sianturi Balai Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pengendalian Penyakit Bersumber Binatang Banjarnegara Jl. Selamanik No. 16A Banjarnegara, Jawa Tengah, Indonesia
  • Bina Ikawati Balai Penelitian dan Pengembangan Pengendalian Penyakit Bersumber Binatang Banjarnegara
  • Agus W Anggara Pusat Penelitian dan Pengembangan Tanaman Pangan
Keywords: natural rodenticide, papaya papain, mice

Abstract

Rats as reservoirs of zoonotic diseases. Rodenticides are commonly used for control of rats. They can be
extremely harmful to humans, not only kill rats and other rodents, but also kill their predators. Therefore, using
natural rodenticide may be a better alternative. Combination of papain and salt can kill rats more quickly. The
aim of this study was to make a proportion of natural rodenticide appropriately to control mice with papain as
active ingredient. A quasi-experiment with post-test only with control group design was used in the study. There were four treatment used in this study i.e treatment A (papain 16%), B (papain 24%), C (papain 32%), and D (papain 40%). Each was mixed with corn, wheat, soy, caramel, papain product for the brand “X” (consist of
papain, salt, sugar), paraffin, corn oil and refined sugar. Rodenticides given to mice for seven days, feed intake
and death of mice were observed every day. The results showed that mice death were decreased in corcondant
with increasing the concentration of papain product for the brand “X”, after rodenticide treatment. There is a
significant difference in mortality rate of mice among various rodenticide formulations (p-value<0.05), with
the most significant differences in treatment A and D. Feed proportion which contains papain product for the
brand “X” 40% can be used as an alternative to make natural rodenticide with the highest mortality.

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Published
2018-10-31
How to Cite
Pramestuti, N., Sianturi, C., Ikawati, B., & Anggara, A. (2018). FORMULASI RODENTISIDA NABATI PAPAIN PEPAYA (Carica papaya L.) SEBAGAI ALTERNATIF PENGENDALI MENCIT. Vektora : Jurnal Vektor Dan Reservoir Penyakit, 10(2), 83-88. https://doi.org/10.22435/vk.v10i2.1021

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