KELELAWAR MEGACHIROPETRA SEBAGAI RESERVOIR LYSSAVIRUS DI PROVINSI RIAU

  • Ayu Pradipta Pratiwi Balai Besar Penelitian dan Pengembangan Vektor dan Reservoir Penyakit Salatiga
  • Dimas Bagus Wicaksono Putro Balai Besar Penelitian dan Pengembangan Vektor dan Reservoir Penyakit Salatiga
  • Ika Martiningsih
  • Arum Sih Joharina Balai Besar Penelitian dan Pengembangan Vektor dan Reservoir Penyakit Salatiga
  • Siska Indriyani Balai Besar Penelitian dan Pengembangan Vektor dan Reservoir Penyakit Salatiga
  • Yulidar Yacob Balai Litbang Kesehatan Banda Aceh
Keywords: Kelelawar, Megachiroptera, Lyssavirus

Abstract

Macroglossus sobrinus, Cynopterus brachyotis, dan Cynopterus sphinx terkonfirmasi sebagai reservoir Lyssavirus di Provinsi Riau. Penelitian dilakukan di tiga kabupaten, yaitu Kabupaten Kepulauan Meranti, Kota Dumai, dan Kabupaten Bengkalis. Lokasi pengambilan sampel dilakukan pada ekosistem hutan, non hutan, dan pantai.Penangkapan kelelawar dilakukan menggunakan mist net, harp net, dan hand net. Kelelawar terkoleksi diambil sampel swab trakea untuk pemeriksaan Lyssavirus. Deteksi Lyssavirus dilakukan meggunakan metode PCR. Dari 356 sampel yang diperoleh, 19 sampel terkonfirmasi positif Lyssavirus.

References

Angela D. Luis, Thomas J.O’Shea, David T. S. Hayman, James L. N. Wood, Andrew A.Cunningham, Amy T. Gilbert, James N. Mills CTW, 2015. Network analysis of host – virus communities in bats and rodents reveals determinants of cross-species transmission. Ecol. Lett. doi:10.1111/ele.12491, pp.1153–1162.
Arguin PM, Murray-Lillibridge K, Miranda MEG, Smith JS, Calaor AB & Rupprecht CE, 2002. Serologic evidence of Lyssavirus infections among bats, the Philippines. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 8(3), pp.258–262.
Baer GM SJ, 1991. Rabies in nonhematophagous bats. In The natural history of rabies. 2nd ed. Boca Raton (FL): CRC Press, pp. 341–66.
Banyard AC, Evans JS, Luo TR & Fooks AR, 2014. Lyssaviruses and Bats: Emergence and Zoonotic Threat. , pp.2974–2990.
Canale CI & Henry PY, 2011. Energetic costs of the immune response and torpor use in a primate. Functional Ecology, 25(3), pp.557–565.
Charles M. Francis PB, 2008. A Field Guide to the Mammals of South-East Asia, UK: New Holland Publishers United Ltd.
Constantine DG, 2009. Bat Rabies and Other Lyssavirus Infections, Virginia.
Davis AD, Morgan SMD, Dupuis M, Poulliott CE, Jarvis JA, Franchini R, et al., 2016. Overwintering of rabies virus in silver haired bats (Lasionycteris noctivagans). PLoS ONE, 11(5), pp.1–17.
Favi M, De Mattos CA, Yung V, Chala E, López LR & De Mattos CC, 2002. First case of human rabies in Chile caused by an insectivorous bat virus variant. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 8(1), pp.79–81.
Foord AJ, Heine HG, Pritchard LI, Lunt RA, Newberry KM, Rootes CL, et al., 2006. Molecular diagnosis of lyssaviruses and sequence comparison of Australian bat lyssavirus samples. Australian veterinary journal, 84(7), pp.225–230.
Hassan B & Noël Tordo, 2001. Host Switching in Lyssavirus History from the Chiroptera to the Carnivora Orders. Journal of virology, 75(17), pp.8096–8104.
L.Lim B, 1966. Abundance and distribution of Malaysian bats in different ecological habitats. Federation Museums Journal, (1 1), pp.61 –76.
Luis AD, Hayman DTS, Shea TJO, Cryan PM, Gilbert AT, Pulliam JRC, et al., 2015. A comparison of bats and rodents as reservoirs of zoonotic viruses : are bats special ? Ecol. Lett. doi:10.1111/ele.12491, pp.1153–1162.
Mani RS, Dovih DP, Ashwini MA, Chattopadhyay B, Harsha PK, Garg KM, et al., 2017. Serological Evidence of Lyssavirus Infection among Bats in Nagaland, a North-Eastern State in India. Epidemiology and Infection, 145(8), pp.1635–1641.
Maryati, Agus Priyono Kartono IM, 2008. Kelelawar Pemakan Buah Sebagai Polinator yang Diidentifikasi Melalui Polen yang Digunakan Sebagai Sumber Pakannya di Kawasan Sektor. , 4(5), pp.335–347.
Reiss CS, 2016. Neurotropic viral infections: Volume 2: Neurotropic retroviruses, DNA viruses, immunity and transmission. Neurotropic Viral Infections: Volume 2: Neurotropic Retroviruses, DNA Viruses, Immunity and Transmission, (September), pp.1–557.
Reynes JM, Molia S, Audry L, Hout S, Ngin S, Walston J, et al., 2004. Serologic evidence of lyssavirus infection in bats, Cambodia. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 10(12), pp.2231–2234.
Schountz T, 2014. Immunology of Bats and Their Viruses_ Challenges and Opportunities. , pp.4880–4902.
Shea TJO, Cryan PM, Cunningham AA, Fooks AR, Hayman DTS, Luis AD, et al., 2014. Bat Flight and Zoonotic Viruses. , 20(5), pp.741–745.
Zhang, G., Cowled, C., Shi, Z., Huang, Z. B-L, K.A., Fang, X., Wynne, J.W., Xiong, Z. B, M.L., Zhao, W., Tachedjian, M., Zhu, Y. Z, P., Jiang, X., Ng, J., Yang, L., Wu, L., Xiao J, Feng, Y., Chen, Y., Sun, X., Zhang, Y. M, G.A., Crameri, G., Broder, C.C., Frey KG, et al., 2013. Comparative analysis of bat genomes provides insight into the evolution of flight and immunity. Science, 39((6118)), pp.456–460.
Published
2019-09-25

Most read articles by the same author(s)